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There is a growing awareness amongst the policy makers globally as well as across India on the emerging and pivotal role of ICTs in the education sector. There is a wide recognition for addressing digital divide issues. The integration of ICT at the school and classroom, warrant significant changes in the educational delivery mechanism, both at the school and classroom level. The Govt of India lauched ICT @School Scheme to enable Schools to use various ICT tools in Education and to provide digital literacy to students and teachers of government schools.
The Government of Jharkhand has been implementing the Central Govt. sponsored Rastriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyaan and Sarva Siksha Abhiyaan ever since its inception and has further focused on improving the universalization of the primary and secondary education by combining it with the ICT Tools for Education Programme.
Under Centrally sponsored scheme Rastriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyaan, ICT@School Scheme is being implemented from April 2017 in selected 465 Govt. Secondary/Sr. Secondary Schools of Jharkhand. The scheme is being implemented in BOOT model. Two agencies –1. IL&FS Education and Technology Services Limited, Mumbai and 2. Ricoh India Ltd, New Delhi were selected through transparent e-procurement method and agreement with them signed in the month of December 2016 for establishment of ICT labs in Schools and required services (including Manpower services such as School Coordinator for each School and District coordinator for each District) for imparting ICT enabled educations. 208 schools are assigned to Ricoh India Limited and rest 257 schools are assigned to IL&FS Education Ltd.
Site Preparation: One Class room of the school was selected and necessary wiring/cabling/networking was done by the agency. The required furnishing of classroom such as white washing, flooring, safety provisions is made by School itself using School development funds/fund contributed by community/MLS/MP/Local Bodies etc. and available with them.
Hardware Component :Desktop Server-1, Thin Client-10, Projector-1, whiteboard-1, UPS with required Battery for one hour power backup -1, Networking equipments, required furniture's-30 chair, 13 tables, Multifunctional Printer-1, Salient Genset-1, Electric meter reader, Fire Extinguisher, etc.
Software Component-Ubuntu Linux, Open Office Libra, Multimedia e-content, etc.
Multimedia E-contentof subjects of Class VI-XII. Development of Multimedia E-content is done by the above agencies in consultation with JCERT.
The e-content is planned to be upgraded on every 3 months based on the feedback received from the subject teachers of schools. A online feedback module is being developed to track the feedback.
School coordinator for each school-1 who is responsible for computer education to Students an teachers, provide all technical support to teachers in using ICT tools and multimedia content, Computer Lab maintenances and provide computer and other consumables as per requirment,
District coordinator for each district -1, who is responsible for visit schools and District Offices on regular intervals for required technical and operational support to Schools, Impart Training to Teachers on ICT in education, Computer Education consumables such as Cartridge, paper, etc. Genset consumables, Electricity Consumption services, etc. In the first phase of implementation Establishment of computer Lab took around 3 months. ICT Enables Education and Computer Education started from April 2017 in 465 schools and continuing. In the Second Phase of implementation ICT in selected 510 Schools , Implementing agency will deploy Cluster coordinator for every 30 Schools for providing onsite technical support to School teachers on ICT in Education.
The ICT lab is being used by subject teachers for teaching their subject using various ICT tools and through multimedia e-content. In 2019-20 the schools proposed under ICT scheme will have separate Smart Classroom (at least one in each school). The cost of which is proposed to be covered by State Govt. plan budget.
Provision of Computer Lab with internet enabled teachers of the schools for performing various non academic work requiring Computer and Internet easily at Schools. There are number of non academic works in schools such as Registration of Student for Board Exam, Scholarship, Entry /Updation of Student Database Management Information System (SDMIS)……. These tasks are being done at schools only. School Coordinators and District Coordinators are providing full technical support for completing the task on time. Students are also encouraged to use the internet facility to get their Marks/ result/ download question papers, prepare project reports; download and print admit cards etc. Enabled teachers to save time on non academic works as a result teachers are giving quality time for teaching students.
School is prioritized on Enrolment, available infrastructure and Safety and security. Composite schools with secondary/hr Secondary Section with enrolment greater than equal to 300 enrolment and have additional classroom/other room/Computer room is priotized first.
Monitoring of the scheme is key to success of the scheme. The use of technologies are being tried to incorporate in the monitoring of implementation of ICT scheme along with traditional offline mechanism. The monitoring is done in 4 different ways. Each Monitoring mechanism has its own benefits and effectiveness.
Agencies have deployed technical person responsible for day to day activity monitoring and support at schools. Districts coordinators visit each school of their district at least once and they provide onsite technical and operational support to Schools/Teachers/Students. They are required to send reports of their daily activity to District ICT nodal officer and State ICT component in charge. All District coordinators and district nodal officers are connected to State office via social media (whatsapp group).
From State office a group of school is connected via Skype etc for video conferencing where students and teachers can directly connect with State project office and raise their concerns on implementation of the scheme.
An independent agency have been selected through e-tender process. The scope of the agency is as follows- The third party is responsible for the following covering 50% of the schools having ICT scheme from every district selected on random basis of each academic year. The year wise expected allotment of school for third party evaluation-
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Following registers/document are maintained at School duly certified by School Principal and the nodal Teacher of the School.
In order to monitor the implementation effectively a web based on line real time MIS software/application is under development. The agencies which have been selected to implement the scheme in 510 selected schools are developing the application. Hosting, implementation and maintenance (throughout the project period) of the web based on line real time MIS software/application is the responsibility of the agency. The system will will have following features-
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